Gingivitis – is inflammation (swelling, bleeding and redness) of the gingiva (gums). It is caused usually by inadequate oral hygiene practices and it is important to seek treatment as it can lead to more serious gum conditions such as periodontitis.
Periodontitis – is inflammation of the whole tooth unit including the gums, ligaments and bone. Left untreated periodontitis results in the loss of hard tissue (bone) and soft tissues (gums and ligaments) which all support the teeth. Over time the teeth become loose and can eventually be lost due to a lack of structural support.
The aim of periodontal treatment is to stabilise the disease and prevent further destruction of the structures that support teeth. Treatment involves debridement of the tooth to remove bacteria and calculus (hardened plaque) from above and below the gum line. Non-surgical treatment in most cases results in a positive outcome and generally periodontitis can usually be managed with regular, thorough hygiene maintenance appointments with our hygienists. Should the condition be significantly advanced, a referral to a periodontist (specialist) will be recommended by a trusted Dental Hygienist.